A Safety Management System (SMS) on ships is a structured and systematic approach to managing safety. The SMS design ensures effective identification and management of risks to minimize accidents and incidents.
The system helps shipping companies identify dangers, assess risks, and prevent accidents, injuries, and environmental harm. It is designed to assist in finding potential hazards, analyzing their potential impact, and implementing measures to mitigate them. By utilizing this system, shipping companies can proactively address safety concerns and protect both their employees and the environment. The SMS is required by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) for all commercial vessels over 500 gross tonnage and is an essential part of a vessel's overall safety culture.